Riviste scientifiche

Greening the chemical industry requires massive amount of renewables

New Scientist - Lu, 13/05/2019 - 22:00
To go green, the chemicals industry could use carbon dioxide from the air instead of fossil fuels, but this would require vast amounts of renewable energy

AI doesn't see the world like us which is why it is so easily confused

New Scientist - Lu, 13/05/2019 - 18:37
AI can easily be fooled into mistaking a rifle for a turtle, but now we may have an explanation for why these blunders happen and how to stop them

Apollo-era moonquakes suggest lunar colonies must be shake-proof

New Scientist - Lu, 13/05/2019 - 18:00
Seismometers deployed by Apollo astronauts on the moon measured 28 moonquakes, which have now been linked to cracks on the surface

Bacteria could identify month-old suspicious stains at crime scenes

New Scientist - Lu, 13/05/2019 - 17:36
Forensic investigators may be able to use a suspicious stain’s microbiome to determine its origin, even after a month of being exposed to air

Make a shape-shifting tablet with touchscreens that click together

New Scientist - Lu, 13/05/2019 - 17:18
Smartphones could one day have screens that can break apart and be put together in different shapes, forming physical passwords or game controllers

Georgios Papanikolaou: inventor of the Pap smear cervical cancer test

New Scientist - Lu, 13/05/2019 - 14:36
The Pap smear cervical cancer test, which Georgios Papanikolaou developed by studying smears from his wife, was the first widely used screening test for cancer

Titan’s seas may be coated in organic goop that stops waves forming

New Scientist - Lu, 13/05/2019 - 10:00
Saturn’s moon Titan has liquid methane seas that are remarkably calm, which may be because a layer of organic “snow” fallen from the atmosphere kills any waves

A simple experiment could help find alien life on Europa

New Scientist - Do, 12/05/2019 - 10:00
If we found amino acids on icy moons like Europa, it could be a sign of recent biological processes

Artificial sponges could pull uranium from seawater for nuclear power

New Scientist - Sa, 11/05/2019 - 10:00
Seawater is full of far more uranium than we can mine from the ground, and specialised sponges could let us harvest it to use in nuclear power plants

AI recommends 'fashionable' outfits to millions of people in China

New Scientist - Sa, 11/05/2019 - 10:00
E-commerce giant Alibaba has built an algorithm for suggesting outfits to shoppers in China. It has made over 5 million recommendations so far

[Editorial] Net zero by 2050 in the UK

The Lancet - Sa, 11/05/2019 - 00:00
The Committee on Climate Change (CCC), an independent body that advises the UK Government, published a report on May 2, Net zero—the UK's contribution to stopping global warming. Stating that net zero is “necessary, feasible, and cost-effective”, the CCC set a target year of 2050 for complete elimination of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the UK. The report provides a comprehensive framework for multiple sectors that the government could feasibly adopt to adhere to the 2015 Paris Agreement and Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) limits of 1·5–2·0 degrees global warming from pre-industrial levels by 2050.

[Editorial] Malaysia's Pain Free programme

The Lancet - Sa, 11/05/2019 - 00:00
At the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Australia and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists in Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) last week, Dr Mary Suma Cardosa, pain specialist at Hospital Selayang and President of the Malaysian Association for the Study of Pain, presented over a decade of work in Malaysia addressing pain. Cardosa described how adoption of “pain as the fifth vital sign” in 2008 improved awareness of pain in hospitals but did not lead to significant practice change. The Pain Free Hospital campaign was subsequently initiated in Malaysia's public health system in 2011, and extended to include primary care and dental services in 2017.

[Editorial] Research futures—from 2019 to 2029

The Lancet - Sa, 11/05/2019 - 00:00
What will the world of research look like in 2029? How will research be funded? What are the pathways to open science? How will researchers work, and what will be the role of technology? How will the research information system change, and what will education look like? On May 2, at a conference organised by the European Health Forum Gastein, and hosted by Wellcome in London (UK), possible drivers shaping the future of research were outlined.

[Comment] Offline: Time to radically rethink non-communicable diseases

The Lancet - Sa, 11/05/2019 - 00:00
The strategies that underpin global health orthodoxy today, expressed as an almost exclusive concern with Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3, will fail to deliver healthy lives for all. Few global health institutions or initiatives acknowledge this reality. The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria is unlikely to divert from its narrow disease-driven narrative in the run up to its October, 2019, replenishment conference in Lyon. Gavi, The Vaccine Alliance, sees vaccination as an important contributor to the SDGs.

[World Report] Legal battles over abortion heat up in the USA

The Lancet - Sa, 11/05/2019 - 00:00
Changes to Title X, several legal challenges, and a change to the Supreme Court composition could mean drastic changes for access to abortion in the USA. Susan Jaffe reports.

[Perspectives] Body of thought

The Lancet - Sa, 11/05/2019 - 00:00
“It happened quickly, an inverse magician's trick: now you don't see it, now you do.” This is how Sinéad Gleeson's body announced itself to her when she was 13 years old, as she describes in Blue Hills and Chalk Bones, the opening essay in her debut collection of prose and poetry Constellations: Reflections from Life. Her previously normal, active life was consumed by pain emanating from her left hip. The eventual diagnosis was monoarticular arthritis, but getting to that point took some time, and finding actual relief from the condition even longer.

[Perspectives] In pursuit of polymathy

The Lancet - Sa, 11/05/2019 - 00:00
Medicine, despite its penchant for specialism, has always been responsive to polymathy. In ancient Egypt, Imhotep—most famous as the architect of the Step Pyramid—was also a physician, worshipped as the god of medicine and linked with the ancient Greek god of medicine, Asclepius, mentioned in the Hippocratic oath. Imhotep was the real “Father of Medicine”, wrote William Osler in the 19th century, as quoted by Waqās Ahmed in The Polymath: Unlocking the Power of Human Versatility. Other notable historical examples are Avicenna (Ibn Sina), the Persian physician from the 11th-century Islamic golden age, who wrote on astronomy, geography, mathematics, physics, and philosophy, as well as works of poetry, and Leonardo da Vinci, who pursued not only painting but many other disparate subjects, including anatomy.

[Perspectives] Mike Grocott: climbing high in critical care medicine

The Lancet - Sa, 11/05/2019 - 00:00
Besides his clinical and academic roles as Professor of Anaesthesia and Critical Care Medicine at the UK's University of Southampton, Mike Grocott is director of the Xtreme Everest Oxygen Research Consortium, a group of doctors, nurses, and scientists who use research done at high altitude to improve the treatment of critically ill patients. During his childhood, Grocott's family holidays were mostly in Scotland, the Lake District, and north Wales. “Mountains were a part of growing up and family life”, he recalls.

[Perspectives] Eglantyne Jebb and the war against children

The Lancet - Sa, 11/05/2019 - 00:00
This year, on May 16, Save the Children is 100 years old. It is the second oldest humanitarian organisation in the world (the International Committee of the Red Cross is the oldest), and the largest to focus entirely on the welfare of the child. Not only has it saved the lives of millions of children, it has helped transform the way we think about the nature of childhood itself.

[Obituary] James Lance

The Lancet - Sa, 11/05/2019 - 00:00
Neurologist who specialised in headache and motor control. Born in Wollongong, NSW, Australia, on Oct 29, 1926, he died of acute leukaemia in Sydney, NSW, Australia, on Feb 20, 2019, aged 92 years.
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