Riviste scientifiche

[Correspondence] Diet, atherosclerosis, and helmintic infection in Tsimane – Authors' reply

The Lancet - Sa, 04/11/2017 - 00:00
We thank Robert H Howland, and Erin E Masterson and colleagues for their interest in our Article1 that reported low levels of coronary artery calcium among Tsimane horticulturalists of the Bolivian Amazon. In the Article,1 we hypothesised that, despite a high inflammatory burden, low coronary artery calcium in the Tsimane population could be due to a combination of low lifetime blood lipids, largely traditional diets, and high physical activity.

[Correspondence] Syphilis in children

The Lancet - Sa, 04/11/2017 - 00:00
The Seminar on syphilis by Edward W Hook 3rd (April 15, p 1550)1 is interesting; however, it does not adequately address the disease characteristics and management in children and therefore should rather have been entitled “syphilis in adults”.

[Correspondence] Stillbirth caused by syphilis remains a major global health problem

The Lancet - Sa, 04/11/2017 - 00:00
We read with interest the Seminar by Edward W Hook 3rd (April 15, p 1550),1 but were disappointed that the major public health importance of mother-to-child transmission of syphilis was not mentioned. According to WHO estimates, syphilis caused 350 000 adverse pregnancy outcomes in 2012,2 and The Lancet Series3 on ending preventable stillbirths highlighted that syphilis causes 200 000 stillbirths annually. These adverse outcomes can be prevented with a single dose of penicillin,4 which is one of the most cost-effective health interventions available.

[Case Report] Recurrent ascites: a need to evaluate for hereditary angio-oedema

The Lancet - Sa, 04/11/2017 - 00:00
A 34-year-old housewife, in the 15th week of her first pregnancy, was referred to the Romanian Hereditary Angioedema Centre in January, 2015, because she was worried about potential risks to her pregnancy from symptoms she had had for the past 20 years. At age 14 years she began experiencing recurrent swelling of her limbs that would resolve spontaneously after 2–3 days. Over the next few years she started to develop genital and then recurrent facial swelling, each episode lasting 3–4 days. One episode of facial oedema was accompanied by swallowing and breathing difficulties.

Gaming addiction probably isn’t a real condition, study suggests

New Scientist - Ve, 03/11/2017 - 21:30
Very few gamers really meet the proposed criteria for internet gaming disorder – instead they may play excessively to fill gaps in other areas of their life

Alzheimer’s may be able to spread through blood transfusions

New Scientist - Ve, 03/11/2017 - 20:30
A protein might be capable of spreading Alzheimer’s through blood transfusions and surgical equipment, but we don’t know yet how much of a risk this is

Sharks now protected no matter whose waters they swim in

New Scientist - Ve, 03/11/2017 - 19:30
126 countries have signed up to cross-border protection measures to conserve whale sharks and many other endangered migratory species

Cosmic rays have revealed a new chamber in Egypt’s Great Pyramid

New Scientist - Ve, 03/11/2017 - 18:45
Particles from outer space have helped scientists uncover a hidden chamber within Egypt’s most famous pyramid, the first such finding in over a century

We may have found 20 habitable worlds hiding in plain sight

New Scientist - Ve, 03/11/2017 - 18:43
After taking another look at data from the Kepler space telescope’s original mission we have spotted 20 possible Earth-like worlds that could host life

Europe and the US were most responsible for deadly heatwave

New Scientist - Ve, 03/11/2017 - 17:45
A lethal heatwave that struck Argentina in 2013 was made more likely by climate change – and greenhouse gases from Europe and the US played the biggest role

Phone sensors can save lives by revealing what floor you are on

New Scientist - Ve, 03/11/2017 - 16:16
Emergency services need to be able to pinpoint a caller’s location in high-rise buildings – your phone’s barometer could automatically tell them where you are

Anorexia films and documentaries must avoid being voyeuristic

New Scientist - Ve, 03/11/2017 - 15:04
At last, Louis Theroux's Talking to Anorexia documentary offered a rare, nuanced take on one of the deadliest mental illnesses, says Lara Williams

Massachusetts may end daylight saving time – let’s all join them

New Scientist - Ve, 03/11/2017 - 12:17
Massachusetts has a plan to stay on summer hours year-round and extend daylight in the winter. Is this the beginning of the end for Daylight Saving Time?

Visual trick fools AI into thinking a turtle is really a rifle

New Scientist - Ve, 03/11/2017 - 11:51
Changing the pattern on an object can fool an image recognition system into thinking it is looking at something else entirely – raising big concerns about face ID and driverless cars.

[Comment] Ireland's Public Health Bill: crucial to reduce alcohol harm

The Lancet - Ve, 03/11/2017 - 00:30
Ireland has become the fourth heaviest drinking nation in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development in terms of quantity of alcohol consumed,1 and ranked joint third for binge drinking in an analysis of 194 nations by WHO.2 Irish adults consume on average 11·5 L of pure alcohol per person every year, an increase of more than 100% compared with 60 years ago.3 Most alcohol in Ireland is now consumed at home and alcohol retailing off licences have increased by five-fold since 1990.

Breathing pure oxygen could heal footballers with concussion

New Scientist - Gi, 02/11/2017 - 17:58
Up to 5 per cent people who are concussed suffer long-term health problems. Research suggests that bouts of hyperbaric oxygen therapy might help

There is a third species of orangutan and somehow nobody noticed

New Scientist - Gi, 02/11/2017 - 17:00
Meet your newest cousin. We thought there were only two species of orangutan, but the discovery of the Tapanuli orangutan means there are three

Bitcoin mining uses more energy than Ecuador – but there’s a fix

New Scientist - Gi, 02/11/2017 - 17:00
Cryptocurrencies and the blockchain they run on already slurp as much energy as some countries, and as they go mainstream, something needs to be done

People with face blindness are missing a ‘hub’ in their brains

New Scientist - Gi, 02/11/2017 - 16:12
People who can’t recognise faces have massive differences in how their brains are connected, which could be identified early in life to help kids circumvent the disorder

A third of animals are vanishing as roads spread through forests

New Scientist - Me, 01/11/2017 - 19:00
The world’s forests are being criss-crossed by roads and clearings, and as a result many backboned animals are becoming less abundant
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