Riviste scientifiche

[Obituary] Jeffrey Lima Hayes O'Riordan

The Lancet - Sa, 03/03/2018 - 01:00
Pioneer researcher in the hormonal control of bone metabolism. Born in Newport, UK, on March 27, 1931, he died in London, UK, of a bowel obstruction on Oct 9, 2017, aged 86 years.

[Correspondence] Putting Ireland's health spending into perspective

The Lancet - Sa, 03/03/2018 - 01:00
The Irish Taoiseach (Prime Minister) Leo Varadkar recently stated that Ireland spends the fifth highest amount on health in the world, therefore citizens should expect the fifth best health system in the world.1 Meanwhile, the European Commission has expressed concerns about the cost-effectiveness and sustainability of the Irish health system.2 However, these observations fail to take into account the fact that the Irish health system is only now recovering from historic long-term underfunding, the effects of which are still being felt.

[Correspondence] Tackling hepatitis C—Pakistan's road to success

The Lancet - Sa, 03/03/2018 - 01:00
In November, 2017, the annual World Hepatitis Summit in São Paulo, Brazil, assessed WHO's global health sector strategy on viral hepatitis 2016–20, and called for prompt, innovative, and coherent interventions, along with evidence-based research.1 The viral hepatitis pandemic caused an estimated 1·4 million deaths in 2015, and yet has received inadequate attention from donors and policy makers until recently, as outlined in an Editorial in The Lancet (Nov 11, 2017, p 2121).2 New data indicate that action has been fragmented and insufficient, with only 82 countries, including Pakistan, adopting strategies to eliminate viral hepatitis by 2030.

[Correspondence] Issues with measuring hepatitis prevalence in resource-limited settings

The Lancet - Sa, 03/03/2018 - 01:00
We read with interest the Correspondence from Noemi García-Tardón and colleagues (Sept 23, 2017, p 1485) 1 describing the prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections among blood donors in Sierra Leone. Considering there are few data on viral hepatitis from the region, the authors should be congratulated for their efforts. However, we fear that some of their results and messages might be misleading.

[Correspondence] Ensuring value in health-related research

The Lancet - Sa, 03/03/2018 - 01:00
Funders of health-related research agree that although considerable research of high value exists, loss of any research because it asks the wrong questions, is poorly designed, is not published, or the reports are unusable is unacceptable.

[Correspondence] Foley catheterisation versus oral misoprostol to induce labour

The Lancet - Sa, 03/03/2018 - 01:00
The INFORM study (Aug 12, 2017, p 669)1 investigated Foley catheterisation versus oral misoprostol in women with hypertension who were scheduled for induction of labour. The authors report a statistically significant lower rate of vaginal delivery within 24 h among women induced via Foley catheterisation, and conclude that oral misoprostol is more effective than Foley catheterisation.

[Correspondence] Foley catheterisation versus oral misoprostol to induce labour – Author's reply

The Lancet - Sa, 03/03/2018 - 01:00
I thank Ben Mol for his thoughtful comments about our research.1 He is concerned that 24 h is too short a cutoff time for vaginal birth, and that we should have continued the induction process with the Foley catheter before resorting to caesarean section. We would usually agree with him, but our study was done in a very different setting to his Dutch study.2 In Europe, outcomes of induced labour are so good that the procedure is often performed for weak indications to prevent adverse outcomes; hence, the proportion of Dutch pregnancies that are induced is around 15%.

Biggest ever family tree shows when cousins stopped having sex

New Scientist - Ve, 02/03/2018 - 19:00
A family tree of 13 million people has been built using data from an ancestry website, and it reveals when and why people started avoiding marrying close relations

A mountain range on Saturn’s moon Iapetus may be a former ring

New Scientist - Ve, 02/03/2018 - 18:47
Falling space debris should make craters on rocky surfaces. But on Saturn’s moon Iapetus, it might have created a belt of mountains around the equator

We’ve evolved to sleep less and that may be causing Alzheimer’s

New Scientist - Ve, 02/03/2018 - 18:41
Humans sleep less than any other primate and spend less time in deep, non-REM sleep – which may cause a high risk of Alzheimer’s

Fish called ‘sarcastic fringehead’ has a wider mouth than body

New Scientist - Ve, 02/03/2018 - 18:40
Sarcastic fringeheads have a truly spectacular threat display: they open their mouths until they’re gaping wide, displaying two rows of teeth and fluorescent cheeks

Automated dance teacher tells you when your moves are wrong

New Scientist - Ve, 02/03/2018 - 15:50
Strictly and Dancing with the Stars judges could be replaced by a robot judge called HappyFeet. It can watch people dance and rate their moves

A weird underground plant has been rediscovered after 151 years

New Scientist - Ve, 02/03/2018 - 12:50
A species of subterranean plant was only seen once, in 1866, and was assumed to be extinct – until researchers stumbled across living specimens in Borneo

DeepMind AI is learning to understand the ‘thoughts’ of others

New Scientist - Ve, 02/03/2018 - 12:00
The firm’s new artificial intelligence has developed a theory of mind, passing an important psychological assessment that most children only develop around age 4

Health and safety of sex workers

bmj - Sa, 30/05/2009 - 01:03
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