Riviste scientifiche

An Uber self-driving car has killed a pedestrian in Arizona

New Scientist - Lu, 19/03/2018 - 20:19
An Uber self-driving car has crashed into a 49-year-old woman in Arizona. This is the first time a car in autonomous mode has killed a pedestrian

Stem cell therapy reverses sight loss and lets people read again

New Scientist - Lu, 19/03/2018 - 18:00
Human embryonic stem cells have been used to replenish damaged eye tissue resulting from age-related macular degeneration

US and Russia will soon face mega-heatwaves from climate change

New Scientist - Lu, 19/03/2018 - 18:00
In the coming decades Russia will experience worse heatwaves than the 2010 event, which killed 55,000 people, while the US will bake in the West and Great Lakes regions

A fifth of people hear sounds when watching silent GIFs. Do you?

New Scientist - Lu, 19/03/2018 - 14:26
Ever felt like you’ve heard a video even though the sound was turned off? As many as 20 per cent of us may “hear” silent GIFs and other moving objects

Cambridge Analytica, Trump and Facebook – here’s what we know

New Scientist - Lu, 19/03/2018 - 13:28
A former Cambridge Analytica employee has claimed the firm accessed Facebook data without permission, and used it to target ads for the Trump campaign

Why ancient deer returned to the sea and became whales

New Scientist - Lu, 19/03/2018 - 12:50
Over the last 250 million years land animals have repeatedly begun exploiting the seas, giving rise to creatures like whales and walruses. The question is why

The Arctic is sending us signals of impending climate chaos

New Scientist - Lu, 19/03/2018 - 12:00
The immediate disasters of The Day After Tomorrow remains wild exaggeration, but melting ice could yet cause dramatic climate changes by altering ocean currents

Computers that calculate with light could make superfast AI

New Scientist - Lu, 19/03/2018 - 10:00
Optical computing has been a buzzword since the 1960s. But now a few start-ups are making real-world progress by using light to produce algorithms

First anatomical evidence of several types of schizophrenia

New Scientist - Do, 18/03/2018 - 09:00
Is there more than one type of schizophrenia? Brain scans suggest there are at least two different kinds - a finding that may lead to better treatments

[Editorial] China through the lens of health in 2018 and beyond

The Lancet - Sa, 17/03/2018 - 01:00
On March 11, China's National People's Congress, the top legislative body, approved major constitutional changes that would enable President Xi Jinping to stay in power for more than two terms in office. The healthy China strategy was reviewed in the annual government work report, released by Chinese Premier Li Keqiang at the National People's Congress on March 5, with several key aspects highlighted.

[Editorial] The scars of violence on children

The Lancet - Sa, 17/03/2018 - 01:00
In the first 11 weeks of 2018, there have been 12 school shootings. Although shootings on school campuses only make up a tiny fraction of gun injuries and deaths annually, a March report from the Giffords Law Center focuses on the deep impact of gun violence on children in the USA, elaborating on how it extends far beyond the classroom.

[Editorial] End of the road for daclizumab in multiple sclerosis

The Lancet - Sa, 17/03/2018 - 01:00
On March 7, the European Medicines Agency (EMA) recommended the immediate suspension and recall of the multiple sclerosis drug daclizumab. The announcement follows reports of serious inflammatory brain disorders in 12 patients worldwide, including three deaths, and comes shortly after the voluntary withdrawal of the drug by Biogen and AbbVie on March 2.

[Comment] The future of the NHS: no longer the envy of the world?

The Lancet - Sa, 17/03/2018 - 01:00
The UK's National Health Service (NHS) is one of the most comprehensive public health-care systems in the world and has provided free, high-quality care to millions of people since its inception. It was established on July 5, 1948, with the National Health Service Act based on the bold assumption within the 1942 Beveridge Report that a post-war UK would have “a national health service for prevention and for cure of disease and disability” that “will ensure that for every citizen there is available whatever medical treatment he requires, in whatever form he requires”.

[Comment] Offline: Owning up on gender equality

The Lancet - Sa, 17/03/2018 - 01:00
There are moments to admit failure. Gender equality is one of those moments. Last week, the first report on gender-responsiveness among the world's most influential global health organisations—The Global Health 50/50 Report—was launched in London. Led by Sarah Hawkes and Kent Buse, together with a largely voluntary team of researchers, strategists, and communications experts, and housed within the University College London Centre for Gender and Global Health, Global Health 50/50 examines seven domains of gender equality across 140 organisations.

[World Report] Life after death—surviving the attacks on civilians in Syria

The Lancet - Sa, 17/03/2018 - 01:00
Now entering its eigth year, there is no end to the Syrian war in sight. Civilian casualties are rising, as the bereaved see no respite in the violence that robbed them of their families. Sharmila Devi reports.

[World Report] Frontline: a Safe Hospital on the border with Haiti

The Lancet - Sa, 17/03/2018 - 01:00
The Caribbean island of Hispaniola is split by a border that separates the Dominican Republic and Haiti. It sits above a major fault zone, which puts the two countries at constant risk of earthquakes, such as the catastrophic tremor of 2010 that brought Haiti to its knees. Over the past 500 years, the island has been hit by several tsunamis generated by earthquakes. Hurricanes also pass through Hispaniola almost every year, further battering the vulnerable island.

[Perspectives] Rethinking the medical record

The Lancet - Sa, 17/03/2018 - 01:00
Electronic health records (EHR) and patient portals, which epitomise the digitisation of medical care, are, ironically, major roadblocks for better health care. Much has been written about the shortcomings of EHRs, yet the unmet needs are broader and include not only the objective of control and ownership but also the capacity to search and share records by patients. The announcement earlier this year that Apple has launched a personal health record feature on its Health app that aggregates existing patient-generated data with a user's electronic medical record is a step in that direction.

[Perspectives] The power of medical storytelling

The Lancet - Sa, 17/03/2018 - 01:00
Over two decades ago a surgeon told me the story of a young man with a spinal injury. The young man had a potentially catastrophic injury and either having surgery, or not, was risky. He had the surgery and recovered, but subsequently the surgeon was informed that the young man's sexual function was entirely lost. The patient fell into depression and despair. The surgeon was devastated and blamed himself. The senior ward nurse on the Nightingale ward observed all this. She listened to her patient's anguish and the surgeon's distress.

[Perspectives] Sadness and silencing

The Lancet - Sa, 17/03/2018 - 01:00
With the #MeToo and #blacklivesmatter campaigns, it feels as if the world is finally cracking open for human beings to speak their truths. An increasing number of people are working for and demanding change, but wider society does not always want to hear these voices. One part of the world where justice for past and present injury is sorely needed is Australia. What is widely known as Australia Day passed in January—the day in 1788 when the British first stuck a colonial flag in the soil. To many Indigenous Australians, it is known as Invasion Day or Survival Day.

[Perspectives] Giving meaning to art in hospital care

The Lancet - Sa, 17/03/2018 - 01:00
Care units are not generally noted for their visual appeal. But Garnet Ward, a dementia care unit in north London, UK, run by the Camden and Islington NHS Foundation Trust, is different. On the walls of one room, stylised paintings of exotic plants from around the world conjure up scenes of travel and exploration. Elsewhere, a landscape mural full of intrigue and wonder glows like stained glass. The wall of one little nook is a swirling wash of abstract blues, pinks, and greens that could be one of J M W Turner's skies at sunrise.
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