Riviste scientifiche

Sleeping too little is no badge of honour – it harms our brains

New Scientist - Ma, 17/10/2017 - 11:00
Skipping sleep to get more done can have a profound effect. We need to prioritise rest before we sleepwalk into a public health disaster

Trump’s U-turn may see Iran join North Korea as a nuclear state

New Scientist - Lu, 16/10/2017 - 18:36
In refusing to recertify the Iran nuclear deal, US president Donald Trump risks creating another North Korea – as another Republican president did before him

Male chimpanzee seen snatching seconds-old chimp and eating it

New Scientist - Lu, 16/10/2017 - 15:00
A rare sighting of a chimpanzee birth ended in infanticide and cannibalism – and probably explains why new mothers often go into hiding for weeks or months

How to beat the bookies by turning their odds against them

New Scientist - Lu, 16/10/2017 - 13:00
Bookmakers use complex prediction models to set the odds of sporting outcomes in their favour – but a simple analysis of available odds can still give good returns

It looks like an oxymoron, but Earth optimism is worth a try

New Scientist - Lu, 16/10/2017 - 12:00
Decades of environmental doom-mongering have fallen on deaf ears. Maybe a new environmental campaign with a message of hope is just what we need

[Editorial] Tobacco control: a Foundation too far?

The Lancet - Sa, 14/10/2017 - 00:00
Tobacco smoking is the leading cause of preventable mortality worldwide and is responsible for more than 7 million deaths each year. In today's issue of The Lancet, we publish a Viewpoint describing the mission and goals of the recently established Foundation for a Smoke-Free World, funded by tobacco giant Philip Morris International. Led by former WHO executive director Derek Yach, the Foundation, whose aim is “to eliminate cigarette smoking worldwide”, will receive US$1 billion in funding over the next 12 years.

[Editorial] WHO launches new leadership, new priorities

The Lancet - Sa, 14/10/2017 - 00:00
WHO's Director-General, Dr Tedros, last week launched his new cabinet to widespread acclaim. His mix of deputy and assistant director-generals is made up of nine women (two-thirds of his leadership team) with a geographical spread across 14 countries. India, Brazil, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, and Barbados are all newly represented. The announcement also translated Tedros's verbal promises into structural commitments. New priorities include Universal Health Coverage, climate change, and access to medicines.

[Editorial] The link between cancer and obesity

The Lancet - Sa, 14/10/2017 - 00:00
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released a new report on cancer and obesity last week, highlighting that cancers associated with overweight and obesity, including thyroid, liver, kidney, and ovarian cancer, constitute 40% of cancers diagnosed in the USA, with over 630 000 diagnoses in 2014 alone. The study looked at data from the United States Cancer Statistics for 2005-2014. Disparities between sexes in the rates of cancers associated with obesity are especially stark, with 55% of all cancers diagnosed in women being associated with overweight and obesity, compared with only 24% of cancers in men.

[Comment] Towards a smoke-free world? Philip Morris International's new Foundation is not credible

The Lancet - Sa, 14/10/2017 - 00:00
Smoking causes more than 7 million deaths each year1 and tobacco companies have known, since at least 1950, that their products are lethal and addictive. Now Philip Morris International (PMI) is committing nearly US$1 billion over 12 years to the Philip Morris Foundation for a Smoke-Free World that will “fund scientific research designed to eliminate the use of smoked tobacco around the globe”.2 In a Lancet Viewpoint in this issue, the Foundation's President Derek Yach argues it will support “an unswerving focus…to improve public health and human wellbeing”.

[Comment] Catastrophic medical insurance in China

The Lancet - Sa, 14/10/2017 - 00:00
China's medical insurance system has changed dramatically in the past two decades. The country's most established programme, the Urban Employee Basic Medical Insurance, dates back to the mid-1990s and initially covered only 109 million employees of state-owned and collective enterprises.1 In the early 2000s, the Chinese Government established two additional insurance programmes, the New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS) for rural residents and the Urban Resident Medical Insurance (URMI) programme for self-employed and unemployed urban residents.

[Comment] Offline: Jim Kim finds his voice

The Lancet - Sa, 14/10/2017 - 00:00
Jim Kim was an unexpected choice to lead the World Bank in 2012. He is not an economist (Kim is an anthropologist, physician, and health activist), and many Bank watchers were sceptical that he could lead an organisation full of econometricians. Kim's first term as President was tinged with controversy. Bravely—critics said unwisely—he embarked on a huge internal reform and cost-cutting programme. Soon, unhappiness inside the Bank became public, casting a shadow over his hopes for a fresh start at one of the world's most reviled development institutions.

[World Report] The ACA after the expiry of the budget reconciliation

The Lancet - Sa, 14/10/2017 - 00:00
After the latest repeal bill was withdrawn and the budget reconciliation has expired, what does the future hold for the ACA? Susan Jaffe, The Lancet's Washington correspondent, reports.

[World Report] Nobel Prize awarded for discoveries in circadian rhythm

The Lancet - Sa, 14/10/2017 - 00:00
The 2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to Jeffrey Hall, Michael Rosbash, and Michael Young. Talha Burki reports.

[World Report] 2017 Roux Prize recipient announced: Samba Sow

The Lancet - Sa, 14/10/2017 - 00:00
This year's Roux Prize was awarded to Samba Sow for using health data to save children's lives through a comprehensive vaccination programme. Andrew Green reports.

[Perspectives] Jiang Baoguo: one, two, three against trauma in China

The Lancet - Sa, 14/10/2017 - 00:00
To those who live in nations that count their population in tens rather than hundreds of millions, Chinese health and social statistics can be faintly unnerving. Major trauma, for example, accounts for more than 60 million visits annually to Chinese hospitals, and for 700 000–800 000 deaths. Many of these injuries are due to road traffic accidents—and car ownership in China has soared. One man long familiar with these figures is Professor Jiang Baoguo, President of Peking University People's Hospital and its Chief Physician, who is a co-author of a Review on transport and public health in China in this issue.

[Perspectives] Spatial awareness

The Lancet - Sa, 14/10/2017 - 00:00
How is your Klingon? The first scene of Star Trek: Discovery begins with a heated speech in the alien warriors' language. The Klingons are increasingly concerned about the incursion of Starfleet—the 23rd-century space exploration and defence service of the United Federation of Planets—into deep space. They don't like this human-heavy coalition, and they certainly don't trust it. The only words in English come at the climax of the scene, as the speaker quotes the distrusted “fatal greeting” of the enemy: “We come in peace.”

[Perspectives] Doubt

The Lancet - Sa, 14/10/2017 - 00:00
“You're sure?” she asks me. This is about the nasogastric tube, whether to remove it. Or—someone else, another day—if the biopsy's finally conclusive. Or the operation, to have it now or wait. Or CPR, whether to receive it.

[Obituary] Sir David Todd

The Lancet - Sa, 14/10/2017 - 00:00
Haematologist who transformed medical education and training in Hong Kong. He was born in Guangzhou, China, on Nov 17, 1928, and he died from pneumonia in Hong Kong on Aug 16, 2017, age 88 years.

[Correspondence] Condemning industry attempts to subvert public policy for a tobacco-free world

The Lancet - Sa, 14/10/2017 - 00:00
The World Heart Federation, alongside its partners in the Global Coalition for Circulatory Health, condemns outright the launch of the Foundation for a Smoke-Free World,1 which is a vehicle for the tobacco industry.

[Correspondence] Nuclear war and public health: rebalancing priorities and global health leadership

The Lancet - Sa, 14/10/2017 - 00:00
Recently, the North Korean nuclear and missile crisis has gripped international media headlines.1 In the streets of Seoul, the vast majority of civilians remain remarkably calm, confident that this threat will pass like those of the past. Yet, complacency would not serve an excuse in the face of war by either intention or tragic miscalculation. By then, the silence of the global health community will likely be seen as an opportunity missed. Why does it remain silent? Perhaps the community feels out of its depth in an area of competence of the UN Security Council—surely they must know what they are doing?
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